two types of nutrients

Plants require two types of nutrients for healthy growth -- macro-nutrients and micro-nutrients. Plants use macro-nutrients in large amounts while micro-nutrients are required in trace amounts. Following is a list of Macro and Micro- Nutrients and their functional importance in plant growth: 

 

macro nutrients

» Carbon - Formation of organic compounds

» Oxygen - Release of energy from sugar

» Hydrogen - Water formation

» Nitrogen - Chlorophyll, amino acids, proteins synthesis

» Phosphorus - Vital for photosynthesis and growth

» Potassium - Enzyme activity, Sugar and starch formation

» Calcium - Cell growth and division, component of cell wall

» Magnesium - Component of chlorophyll, enzyme activation

 

micro nutrients

» Boron - Vital for reproduction

» Chlorine - Helps root growth

» Copper - Enzyme activation

» Iron - Used in Photosynthesis

» Manganese - Component of chlorophyll, Enzyme activation

» Sodium - Vital for water movement

» Zinc - Component of enzymes and auxins

» Molybdenum - Nitrogen Fixation

» Nickel - Nitrogen Liberation

» Cobalt - Nitrogen Fixation

» Silicon - Cell wall toughness